One in four American children is Latino.
The demographic has the lowest education attainment levels in the country.

U.S. White House Initiative on Educational Excellence


In kindergarten, English-only directional signs such as B is for BEAR/oso and D is for DUCK/palo require the child to remember thier English names. These signs will point in opposing directions. This is a real challenge for young children as they make their first steps into literacy,

Since English and Spanish share many letter sounds, with caution ABC “catch-ups“ can be avoided. Cognates, such as TURTLE/Tortuga, are identified by a nearby dot. This cognate tool uncovers similar English words.

V is for VIOLÍN I is for insects/INSECTOS

“Alternative PAN-AMERICAN images have space for Spanish self – voice. “B is for BICYCLE“ can also be “read” by LATINOS as “B is for bicicleta” without losing the initial sound message.

Learning familiar Spanish/English letter sounds becomes overly complex, if bilingual HISPANICS are only exposed to traditional sound clues – – ones with conflicting beginning sounds – BEAR (oso), BUTTERFLY (mariposa), etc. There is an ABC fast track option available to HISPANICS, which other ESL students do not enjoy.

In addition, the English ONLY caution required by traditional sound clues is so difficult for bilingual five year olds that a simplified FORGET SPANISH message is sometimes perceived, carrying another set of pearls.”

Estelle Mendoza Leisy
ERIC, 1989-2014